The site of the former Palatinate of around 20 hectares rises on the Kreuzberg as a natural plateau 17 m above the Oker. In the early Middle Ages, the Palatinate was an important site for the history of the German Empire. It was an important base especially for the Ottonians in the 10th century. After it had lost its political importance compared to the newly founded Palatinate Goslar am Rammelsberg, it developed into an independent settlement with brisk economic production. In the 14th century it fell into disrepair and was completely forgotten until it was rediscovered in the 19th century.